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                初二英快將屋內語語法:代詞語法講解

                來源:網絡 編輯:sx_wangha

                2019-02-26 14:09:57

                不管是考文科還是理科,主考科目必∮定會有英語。怎樣才能更有效的提供英語成績呢?以下為考生朋友提供“初二英語語法:代詞語法講解”,請查閱

                (一)代詞概述

                代詞用來代替名詞,在句身份中充當主語、賓語和表語,有時還可以充當定語。代詞在考試命題中主要是代詞格的變化、代詞單復數形式以及不定代詞和it的用法等。

                (二)基本知識梳理

                1.人稱代詞:主格作主難道就真語,賓格用作及物動詞和介詞的賓語。

                He often helps me.

                Who is atthe door?It's me.

                The bicyclebelongs to Tom and me.

                出現並列主語或∏賓語時,其排列順序為:單數時是第二、第三、第一人稱(簡稱231)即you,heandI或you,herandme;復數時是第一、第二、第三人稱(簡稱123)即we,youandthey或us,youandthem。

                2.物主代詞:形容詞性物主代↘詞作定語,後加名詞;而名詞性物主代詞等於形容詞性物主代詞加名詞。如:This is my book.=This book is mine.

                名詞性∑物主代詞可做主語、賓語和表語。如:

                Your pen is blue.Mine is blue,too.

                May I use your pen?I've lost mine.

                She is a class mate of his.

                The bike is hers.

                3.反身代詞:用作賓語樹鳳和起強調作用。

                1)作賓語

                Help yourself to some cakes.

                I can look at my selfin the mirror.

                They should think more of the publichealth than them selves.

                2)作強調

                We do homework by ourselves.

                I myself go to the air port to meet my uncle.

                4.指示代詞

                1)this,that,these,those

                What'sthis(that)?It'sabook.

                Whatarethese(those)?Theyarebooks.

                this和these比較靠近,that和those稍遠一點。

                2)it的用法

                (1)指物:It's a robot.

                (2)指自然現象:It's raining now,but it will be fine soon.

                (3)指時間:What time is it?It's8o'clock.

                (4)指距離:It's twentyminutes'walk.

                (5)作形←式主語:It's importantforustofightpollution.

                It took mehalfanhourtofinishthework.

                It'skindofyoutosayso.

                (6)作形式賓語山腰位置時:Wethinkitnecessarytorelaxfromtimetotime.

                [page]

                5.不定代詞

                1)some,any

                some用於肯定句中,any用於否定句和疑問句↑中。如:

                There are some pens on the desk.

                There aren't any pens on the desk.

                Are there any pens on the desk?

                Some are Chinese.Others are English.

                在表示請求、建議、反問等句子中,用some而不是用any。如:

                Would you like some drink?

                any也可以表示任何一個。如:

                Do you know any ofher friends?

                If you have any questions,you can ask me.

                (一)冠詞概述

                冠詞是限定詞∞的一種,自己不能單他獨使用,只能依附於一個名詞幫助說明這個名詞的含義。因此冠詞也可以說是名詞的一種標誌,它不能離開名詞而單獨存在。冠詞◥有三種形式:不定冠詞a(an),定冠詞(the)和零冠詞(即不使用冠詞)。冠詞用於陽傑肯定是知曉法每次中考都會出現,主要考查:(1)名詞前的定冠詞、不定⌒冠詞和零冠詞的用法;(2)固定搭配中的冠詞報復用法。a,an的用法區別是常考√內容。序數詞前及形容詞最高級前或姓氏前使用定冠詞也是近年來中考的常考內容。

                (二)基礎知識梳理

                1.不定冠詞a/an的用法

                不定冠詞用來修飾單數可數名詞,指人或物中的★某一個或某一類,但不具體說明是何人何物。

                如:Afamousastronautwillgiveusatalktheweekafternext.a用在以ξ輔音音素(不是輔音字母)開頭的〓單詞前,如:auniversitystudent,aEuropeancountry;an用在而以元音音素(不ζ 是元音字母)開慘白無力頭的單詞前,如:anhonestgirl,anundergroundtrain.

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